The introduction of pension plans in cultures where adult daughters (matrilocal) or sons (patrilocal) traditionally live with their aging parents led parents, now much less dependent upon a baby for future toughen, to speculate much less in that baby’s education. Bau shows that a program in Indonesia ended in differentially lowered academic investments in females, nonetheless not males, from matrilocal ethnic groups and that the females were much less more likely to look at matrilocality as adults. The same outcomes were found for a program in Ghana that ended in differential impacts on sons, nonetheless not daughters, in patrilocal groups.
Amer. Econ. Rev. www.aeaweb.org/articles?identity=10.1257/aer.20190098 (2021).